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Market Research Group

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Kirill Dmitriev
Kirill Dmitriev

Status Snapper !Facebook [WORK]

Due to privacy concerns, among other things, sharing a Facebook status and its ensuing conversation on another site can be a hassle. Your friends may not appreciate their hilarious and somewhat inappropriate posts being uploaded publicly to Reddit, Tumblr, or Twitter.

Status Snapper !Facebook

Description: This information product is a determination of the condition and status of the fishery resource stocks (Gulf of Mexico red snapper) relative to definitions for overfishing and overfished status. The information includes impacts of various management scenarios on the status of the stocks, estimates of management benchmarks, and recovery trajectories for those stocks determined to be overfished. The information is provided to the appropriate regional fishery management agencies to be used as the basis of their management decisions, which are subsequently approved and disseminated by the Secretary of Commerce through NOAA Fisheries.

A University of Washington study is the first to broadly examine the ecological and financial impacts of seafood mislabeling. The paper, published online Nov. 2 in Conservation Letters, finds that in most cases, mislabeling actually leads people to eat more sustainably, because the substituted fish is often more plentiful and of a better conservation status than the fish on the label.

The researchers, all UW graduate students in aquatic and fishery sciences, aggregated data from 43 published papers that tested the DNA of fish at various locations, including ports, restaurants, grocery stores and fish markets to determine whether mislabeling occurred. They then matched the conservation status and estimated price for each of the mislabeled and true fishes listed in the studies.

They found a wide range of conservation status and price differences, but two general trends emerged: True fish sold are of a better conservation status and slightly less expensive than the species named when fish are mislabeled.

Apakah kamu ingin membagikan status Facebook dari teman kamu, tetapi kamu tidak ingin menyertakan foto dan nama profilnya? Kebanyakan orang mengambil screenshot terlebih dahulu untuk status tersebut, setelah itu status nama dan foto profile tersebut diberi warna agar tidak ketahuan. Tetapi cara ini tidak simpel dan terlalu buang-buang waktu.

Kali ini PG memiliki cara singkatnya untuk langsung memberikan efek blur pada status Facebook yang ingin kamu share. Kamu bisa menggunakan Status Snapper yang memungkinkan kamu untuk mengambil screenshot dan memberikan efek blur secara otomatis, selain itu kamu juga dapat menguploadnya ke Imgur.

Mudah bukan? Kamu tidak perlu mengedit gambar melalui paint lagi, cukup gunakan saja aplikasi ini untuk mengambil gambar status yang secara otomatis memberikan efek blur pada nama dan foto profile. Sayangnya aplikasi ini tidak dapat mengambil status dari wall teman kamu atau dari profile teman kamu.

Please my facebook account has been hacked, my password and the number have been also changed by a profile picture with the name fernando,he is the one behind all this, please help me get my account back.[Personal information removed]

My profile was hacked this morning and i got two text messages this morning saying password was changed and i have tried everything to get back in to it and they have messages all my friends talking crazy and when i pull up my sing in it got a different phone number and different profile picture on it and i had my dad go to my facebook page and they have changed were i work and its saying military and i reported i was hacked to Facebook by email and the did not do ant thing about it so what do i do

my facebook has been hacked and I have tried everything and nothing seams to work and now I do not know what to do now I which there was a way that I could have my facebook account back does anyone have any ideas on my sitchion brian

This study provides an overview of the status and global trends for snapper and grouper resources, identifies the main regions and/or countries where improved management and/or research actions are crucial, and suggests alternative sources of information that can be used to report the status of snapper and grouper fisheries. Photo of bigeye snapper (Lutjanus lutjanus, Sipadan, Borneo, Malaysia) by Jens Petersen, via Wikimedia Commons.

Marine fisheries play an important role in global food security and also provide job opportunities and livelihoods for many coastal communities. However, effective management of many species is often challenged by the limited quantity and quality of information available. Life-history information, fishery-independent data, and species-specific catch data are very expensive and time-consuming to obtain, and a large number of commercially exploited stocks lack quantitative assessments and reliable estimates of stock status.

Data-availability problems tend to be more prominent in areas with high species diversity and where fisheries play a crucial role in food security, particularly in tropical areas and low-income countries in Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Caribbean. This is often the case for snapper and grouper fisheries, which are valuable resources with high commercial value and high demand in major international markets. These fisheries also support the livelihoods and food security of many local, small-scale fishing communities worldwide.

Three main approaches were applied to gain an understanding of the sustainability status of snapper and grouper fisheries worldwide (Fig. 1). First, the fishery status of the snapper and grouper species was determined by applying existing criteria for the classification of stock status and fishing pressure to the sources of information compiled. Second, time-series data on snapper and grouper landings reported to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) were analyzed to understand trends over time. Third, research was conducted on alternative sources of information that could be used as proxies for the status of the fisheries.

For detailed information on the fisheries status; biomass stock status and fishing pressure categories; biomass and fishing mortality indices; FAO landings trends analysis; and alternative sources of information on fisheries status used in this study, refer to the original publication.

The fisheries database included 65 species of the snapper family Lutjanidae family and 111 species of the family Serranidae, a total of 176 different species, from 73 different countries. These countries, in aggregate, represented 95 percent of the global reported landings (by weight) of snapper and grouper in 2015. For about 18 percent of the fisheries, no species-specific information was found. In these cases, the fisheries were aggregated by genera or family. For 62 percent of the 719 fisheries included in the database (293 lutjanids and 426 serranids), the stock structure is unknown. The number of fisheries by country included in the database was very variable. Indonesia, India, Mexico, and the United States are the countries with the highest number of fisheries included in the database.

For the majority of countries, including the 10 top producers, the snapper and grouper fisheries analyzed have no information on the sustainability status of these important resources, or, in some cases, the status is unknown or undefined. From the total of the snapper and grouper fisheries included in this study (n = 719), only for 24 percent (n = 174) was it possible to classify their biomass stock status based on the FAO classification (categories: non-fully exploited, fully exploited, and overexploited). About half of these fisheries were classified as overexploited, 30 percent as non-fully exploited, and 19 percent as fully exploited. Non-fully exploited fisheries presented a low confidence level as to their status when compared with other categories.

Fig. 2: Biomass status classification of snapper and grouper fisheries by country. The shaded countries are those considered in this study, and the sizes of the pie charts are proportional to the number of fisheries by country included in the database.

In general, quantitative data is limited, but the few biomass indices calculated for snapper and grouper fisheries indicated that the current biomass of the stocks is slightly below the biomass reference points, reinforcing the perception that these stocks are mostly fully or overexploited. Furthermore, knowledge about fishing pressure in snapper and grouper fisheries worldwide is very limited: about 90 percent of the fisheries for which data were compiled have no fishing mortality information available. For the few fisheries with data on fishing pressure, the no overfishing category was more frequent than was overfishing. Although focused on a restricted group of deep-water snapper species, a study undertaken in the Indo-Pacific region noted that these species have low production potential and suggested that sustainable exploitation rates and potential yields should be low.

Fig. 3: Fishing pressure classification of snapper and grouper fisheries by country: overfishing (if a resource has been fished above the reference level, ratio >1) and no overfishing (fishing level is below the reference level, ratio

The results achieved in this study facilitate a comparative analysis among countries or territories, identifying the regions where the sustainability of these resources is at higher risk and highlighting the geographic areas where there is more uncertainty about the status of snapper and grouper stocks and associated fisheries. These results provide a tangible pathway for developing snapper and grouper fishery improvement strategies.

Regarding alternative proxies of the status of the fisheries, one of the major outcomes of this study is the identification of alternative sources of information that might provide inferences on the status of these resources. Our results highlight the importance of correct classifications, i.e., misclassification, notably for non-fully exploited fisheries, might lead to overestimation of the biomass status of snapper and grouper fisheries in developing and least developed countries, where information on the fisheries status is usually limited. Our results corroborate those of other, similar catch-based studies.


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